deb 与 rpm 是GNU/Linux 流行的软件包格式。我们“alien”可以在rpm\dpkg\slackware tgz\deb\slp 格式见进行转换。

Debian/Ubuntu 可使用下面命令安装alien:

sudo apt-get install alien


举例:假设在目录/tmp 有myprogram.rpm 文件,使用下面命令转换:

sudo alien /tmp/myprogram-1.10-2.i386.rpm

myprogram-1.10-3.i386.deb generated

这时,在/tmp 目录下就会发现有 myprogram.deb ,这时就可以使用dpkg安装:

dpkg -i /tmp/miprogramma.deb



sudo alien -r pytube_0.0.8.1-1_all.deb

pytube- generated



Usage: alien [options] file [...]
  file [...]                Package file or files to convert.
  -d, --to-deb              Generate a Debian deb package (default).
     Enables these options:
       --patch=<patch>      Specify patch file to use instead of automatically
                            looking for patch in /var/lib/alien.
       --nopatch        Do not use patches.
       --anypatch           Use even old version os patches.
       -s, --single         Like --generate, but do not create .orig
       --fixperms           Munge/fix permissions and owners.
       --test               Test generated packages with lintian.
  -r, --to-rpm              Generate a Red Hat rpm package.
      --to-slp              Generate a Stampede slp package.
  -l, --to-lsb              Generate a LSB package.
  -t, --to-tgz              Generate a Slackware tgz package.
     Enables these options:
       --description=<desc> Specify package description.
       --version=<version>  Specify package version.
  -p, --to-pkg              Generate a Solaris pkg package.
  -i, --install             Install generated package.
  -g, --generate            Generate build tree, but do not build package.
  -c, --scripts             Include scripts in package.
      --target=<arch>       Set architecture of the generated package.
  -v, --verbose             Display each command alien runs.
      --veryverbose         Be verbose, and also display output of run commands.
  -k, --keep-version        Do not change version of generated package.
      --bump=number         Increment package version by this number.
  -h, --help                Display this help message.
  -V, --version         Display alien's version number.