月度归档:2014年09月

amazon aws linux下python环境安装

允许远程通过密码登录

给root设置一个密码,允许远程通过密码登录

chmod 400 xxx.pem
ssh -i xxx.pem ec2-user@host-ip    
sudo passwd root
sudo su -
vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config 

/etc/ssh/sshd_config内容如下

PermitRootLogin yes
PasswordAuthentication yes
UsePAM yes

然后

service sshd reload

开启epel

amazon aws如果采用redhat需要额外收授权费,目前aws官方2014.3基于centos 6,许多软件版本较旧,可以通过epel软件仓库安装一些新软件

yum-config-manager --enable epel
yum update

安装基本环境

yum groupinstall "Development tools" -y
yum install openssl-devel libxslt-devel libxml2-devel libffi-devel -y

安装mysql客户端

vim /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

# MariaDB 5.5 CentOS repository list - created 2014-09-13 05:43 UTC
# http://mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/
[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/5.5/centos6-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

安装MariaDB客户端

yum install MariaDB-client mysql-devel -y

安装redis客户端

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm
yum-config-manager --enable remi
yum install redis -y

安装mongodb客户端

vim /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb.repo

[mongodb]
name=MongoDB Repository
baseurl=http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/redhat/os/x86_64/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

安装mongodb客户端

yum update
yum install mongodb-org-shell -y

安装python环境

# yum install centos-release-SCL (aliyun only)
yum install python27*
yum install freetype-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel
# scl enable python27 bash (aliyun only)
virtualenv --no-site-packages /data/pyenv
source /data/pyenv/bin/activate
pip install redis cryptography sqlalchemy flask simplejson mongoengine python-amazon-product-api scrapy mysql-python gunicorn gevent

安装glusterfs客户端

#install glusterfs repo
wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d http://download.gluster.org/pub/gluster/glusterfs/LATEST/EPEL.repo/glusterfs-epel.repo
#fix it for amazon linux
sed -i 's/$releasever/6/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/glusterfs-epel.repo 

#install glusterfs
yum install -y glusterfs-fuse

#setup fstab
echo "172.31.42.77:/pcvol /data_pcvol glusterfs defaults,noatime 0 0" >> /etc/fstab

#mount
mkdir /data_pcvol
mount -a
ls /data_pcvol

挂载日志磁盘

lsblk
mkfs -t ext4 /dev/xvdf
echo '/dev/xvdf       /data_log   ext4    defaults,nofail        0       2' >> /etc/fstab
mkdir /data_log
mount -a

centos mongodb安装

添加repo

vim /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb.repo

[mongodb]
name=MongoDB Repository
baseurl=http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/redhat/os/x86_64/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

安装启动

yum update
yum install mongodb-org
chkconfig mongod on
service mongod start

centos时区设置

方法1:

tzselect

方法2:

cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime

安装ntp

yum install ntp

更新时间。连网更新时间,如果成功,将系统时间,写入BOIS

ntpdate time.windows.com && hwclock -w  

启用ntpd

chkconfig ntpd on
/etc/init.d/ntpd start

GlusterFS in AWS

挂载Amazon EBS

lsblk
yum install -y xfsprogs
wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d http://download.gluster.org/pub/gluster/glusterfs/LATEST/EPEL.repo/glusterfs-epel.repo
sed -i 's/$releasever/6/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/glusterfs-epel.repo 
mkfs.xfs -i size=512 /dev/xvdf
mkdir -p /export/xvdf
echo "/dev/xvdf /export/xvdf xfs defaults,nofail,noatime 1 2"  >> /etc/fstab
mount -a

安装服务器端

#install glusterfs
yum install -y glusterfs{-fuse,-server}
#start glusterfs
service glusterd start
#turn on auto-start
chkconfig glusterd on
mkdir /export/xvdf/brick1
gluster volume create pcvol 172.31.42.77:/export/xvdf/brick1
gluster volume start pcvol
gluster volume info
gluster volume status

客户端

#install glusterfs repo
wget -P /etc/yum.repos.d http://download.gluster.org/pub/gluster/glusterfs/LATEST/EPEL.repo/glusterfs-epel.repo
#fix it for amazon linux
sed -i 's/$releasever/6/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/glusterfs-epel.repo 

#install glusterfs
yum install -y glusterfs-fuse

#setup fstab
echo "172.31.42.77:/pcvol /data_pcvol glusterfs defaults,noatime 0 0" >> /etc/fstab

#mount
mkdir /data_pcvol
mount -a
ls /data_pcvol

参考

  • http://www.gluster.org/documentation/quickstart/
  • http://blog.gluster.org/category/aws-en/
  • http://serverfault.com/questions/479576/installing-glusterfs-on-amazon-ec2

几个代理列表网站

国内

国外

修改hosts方式

  • http://www.awolau.com/hosts/google-hosts.html